วันตรุษจีน- Chinese Lunar New Year’s Day 2014

Chinese New Year, or the Lunar New Year, is a worldwide-celebrated day (that fall between the 21 of January and 20 of February and can last about 15 days) that marks the first day of the New Year in the Chinese calendar, which differs from the Gregorian calendar.

Indeed, the Chinese calendar is based on exact astronomical observations of the sun’s longitude and the moon’s phases and is called “lunisolar”, which means that every first day of the month is the first day of the moon and every 15th day is the full moon.

The Chinese calendar features 12 months. However, an extra month is inserted in the calendar when a leap year occurs. Therefore, leap years in the Chinese calendar have 13 months, unlike leap years in the Gregorian calendar in which an extra day is included. A leap month is added to the Chinese calendar about once every three years. The name of the leap month is the same as the previous lunar month.

Then, it exists different systems to name the years. The oldest one combines two series of signs: 10 celestial stem and 10 terrestrial branches, which features the names of 12 animals. A pair of stem-branch names each year. The cycle formed by the combination of the two signs last 60 years (60 is the least common multiple of 10 and 12).

It is traditionally said that the Yellow Emperor, from the Han dynasty, created the first calendar system in -2698. Then the Gregorian calendar was officially adopted for civil purposes by the Republic of China in 1912; however the Chinese calendar is still widely used by farmers in order to manage better agriculture and Chinese people to determine traditional festivities (Chinese new year, auspicious dates like wedding dates etc).

The Chinese New Year for 2014 is on January 31 and marks the start of the Year of the Horse.

Let’s talk now about the way it is celebrated in Thailand!

Each year the event draws millions of domestic and foreign visitors to celebrate it, especially in Bangkok which features one of the world’s largest Chinatowns road: Yaowarat. There visitors can experience the strong tie between the Thai and Chinese communities through impressive cultural performances that show deep roots of Chinese culture in Thailand. If you have the chance to go there for the Chinese holidays you will be able to attend competition of dragon parades, lion dances, street stalls selling Chinese cuisine, acrobatic performances and concerts by big name Thai artists..

Thanks for reading our blogs and please feel free to share your experience about the Chinese New Year if you celebrate it in Thailand this year … we would be glad to complete this post !

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